Abstract 12636: Pro-Atrial Natriuretic Peptide: A Novel Guanylyl Cyclase-A Receptor Activator Which Goes Beyond Carperitide and Nesiritide
Introduction: ProANP is a 108 amino acid (AA) prohormone which is produced in the atria and processed to the mature 28 AA ANP which activates the guanylyl cyclase receptor-A (GC-A) and its second messenger cGMP. ProANP is found in the human circulation but its bioavailability is undefined.
Hypothesis: ProANP represents a novel cardiac peptide with more sustained natriuretic actions than either carperitide (ANP) or nesiritide (BNP). ProANP itself can activate GC-A in vitro and the proANP can be processed in human serum from normals and in patients with heart failure (HF).
Methods: We examined the in vivo cardiorenal actions of proANP compared to ANP, BNP, or placebo in normal canines (667 pmol/kg, n=5/group). We determined cGMP activation of proANP, ANP and BNP in GC-A expressing HEK293 cells. ProANP processing and degradation was also defined in serum from normal subjects (n=13) and patients with HF (n=14) ex vivo.
Results: ProANP had significantly greater diuretic and natriuretic properties with increased renal blood flow and sustained renal tubular actions compared to ANP or BNP in canines. ProANP also resulted in greater and more prolonged cardiac unloading than ANP, and much less hypotensive effects than BNP. The plasma half-life of proANP was 4.5 times longer than ANP and 3.8 times longer than BNP. ProANP itself stimulated cGMP generation in GC-A expressing HEK cells which was equal to ANP. ProANP was processed to ANP in fresh serum from normals as well as HF patients ex vivo and the processed peptide activated cGMP in GC-A expressing HEK cells.
Conclusions: ProANP represents a novel GC-A activator with a longer half-life and greater natriuresis and diuresis than ANP and BNP and less hypotensive effects than BNP. The bioactivity of exogenous proANP may be through direct stimulation of GC-A, as well as through processing into ANP, as proANP is processed in the circulation of both normal and HF. As proANP circulates in the human circulation, proANP may represent a key circulating hormone in cardiorenal and blood pressure homeostasis as well as a potential innovative therapeutic beyond ANP (carperitide) or BNP (nesiritide) for cardiorenal diseases including HF.
Author Disclosures: T. Ichiki: None. B.K. Huntley: None. I.A. Andersen: None. S. Sangaralingham: None. G.J. Harty: None. S.M. Sandberg: None. D.M. Heublein: None. J.C. Burnett: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.