Abstract 12591: Impact of Aldosterone Producing Adenoma on Endothelial Function and Rho-Associated Kinase Activity in Patients With Primary Aldosteronism
Background: Hypertension is associated with endothelial dysfunction and activated Rho-associated kinases (ROCKs) activity. Primary aldosteronism (PA) is a most common cause of secondary hypertension. Recent studies have shown that risk of cardiovascular events is higher in patients with PA than in patients with essential hypertension (EH). However, there is little information on the relationship between subtype of PA and the grade of atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the vascular function and ROCK activity in patients with PA.
Methods: Vascular function, including flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and nitroglycerin-induced vasodilation, and ROCK activity in peripheral leukocytes were evaluated in 21 patients with aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) group (50.7±14.3 years, 9 males), 23 patients with idiopathic hyperaldosteronism (IHA) group (55.8±9.9 years, 12 males), and 33 age-, gender-, and blood pressure-matched EH group (54.9 ± 10.7 years, 18 males).
Results: FMD was significantly lower in the APA group than in the IHA group and EH group (3.2±2.0% vs. 4.6±2.3% and 4.4±2.2%, P<0.05, respectively), whereas there was no significant difference in FMD between the IHA group and EH group. There was no significant difference in the response of nitroglycerine in three groups. ROCK activity was significantly higher in the APA group than in the IHA group and EH group (1.29±0.57 vs. 1.00±0.46 and 0.81±0.36, P<0.05 and P<0.001, respectively), whereas there was no significant difference in ROCK activity between the IHA group and EH group. FMD correlated with age (r=-0.31, P<0.01), brachial arterial diameter (r=-0.44, P<0.01), plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) (r=-0.35, P<0.01) and plasma renin activity ratio (ARR) (r=-0.34, P<0.01). ROCK activity correlated with age (r=-0.24, P=0.04), PAC (r=0.33, P<0.01) and ARR (r=0.46, P<0.01).
Conclusions: APA was associated with both endothelial dysfunction and increased ROCK activity compared with those in IHA and EH. These findings suggest that APA may have a higher risk of future cardiovascular events.
Author Disclosures: T. Matsumoto: None. Y. Higashi: None. N. Oda: None. A. Iwamoto: None. Y. Iwamoto: None. M. Kajikawa: None. T. Maruhashi: None. A. Nakashima: None. K. Noma: None. Y. Kihara: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.