Abstract 12518: Ventricular Arrhythmias and Mortality After Left Ventricular Assist Devices Implantation: A Meta-Analysis
Background: Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) are among the most commonly reported adverse effects associated with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). However, prevalence of VAs post-LVAD implantation, and their relation to all-cause mortality, remains to be elucidated. We conducted a meta-analysis and systematic review of observational studies with the primary objective of evaluating the risk of VAs after LVAD implantation and the risk of all-cause mortality in patients with LVADs who had VAs.
Methods: We searched Medline, Embase and Cochrane Central from 2001 to 2014. Two reviewers independently searched,selected and assessed quality of included studies with differences resolved by consensus. Data were collected and analyzed using random and fixed-effect model, as appropriate, with inverse variance weighting.
Results: Of 2,393 studies identified, 15 observational studies were eligible including 1,517 patients with a mean follow up of 201 days. An LVAD was associated with an increased risk of VA after implantation (OR = 2.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.37-3.59, p<0.001).There was an increased risk of all-cause mortality in LVAD patients who had post-LVAD VA (OR = 1.91, 95% CI 1.18-3.11, p<0.001). Using meta-regression and sensitivity analyses to account for risk factors such as etiology of cardiomyopathy, duration of follow-up, destination LVAD versus bridge therapy and presence of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator at time of LVAD implantation did not change the results of our main analysis.
Conclusions: LVADs are associated with an increased risk of VA and presence of VAs post LVAD implantation is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality.
- Heart failure
- Arrhythmias, treatment of
- Ventricular assist devices
- Implantable cardioconvertor defibrillator
Author Disclosures: N. Makki: None. O. Mesubi: None. C. Steyers: None. B. Olshansky: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.