Abstract 12506: Therapeutic Strategy for Efficient Reduction of Serum Uric Acid With Allopurinol versus Benzbromarone in Hyperuricemic Patients With Cardiovascular Disease ~ A Randomized Crossover Study (TERAO study) ~
Introduction: Hyperuricemia is considered to be a marker of future cardiovascular events. Uricosuric agents and urate synthesis inhibitors has been widely used in hyperuricemic patients.
Hypothesis: We assessed the hypothesis that the different mechanism of these drugs has an impact on urine albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) associated with cardiovascular risks.
Methods: A total of 14 hyperuricemic patients (serum uric acid levels >7 mg/dL) with cardiovascular disease were randomly assigned and treated with either benzbromarone, 25mg once daily, or allopurinol, 200 mg twice daily for 2 weeks, followed by a 2-week washout period, then a 2-week crossover phase.
Results: Serum uric acid levels were comparable and similarly reduced with benzbromarone (8.4±1.1→4.8±1.3 mg/dL, P<0.0001) and allopurinol (8.4±1.0→5.1±0.9 mg/dL, P<0.0001). However, allopurinol significantly reduced urine ACR compared with benzbromarone (Figure 1). A logistic regression analysis revealed that influential clinical factors on reduced urine ACR were not observed except for allopurinol administration. The change of urine ACR was positively correlated with the change of urinary urate-creatinine ratio (UCR), indicating a substitution for xanthine oxidase activity (Figure 2).
Conclusions: In this short-term, crossover study in hyperuricemic patients with cardiovascular disease, a treatment with xanthine oxidase inhibitor resulted in a reduction of urine ACR. These results represent a novel potential therapeutic approach with antioxidant strategy, which may lead to a reduction of future cardiovascular events. These preliminary findings require confirmation in larger clinical trials.
Author Disclosures: S. Kojima: None. S. Kojima: None. H. Soejima: None. H. Ogawa: Other Research Support; Modest; AstraZeneca, Astellas, Boehringer lngelheim, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Daiichi Sankyo, Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma, Kowa, MSD, Novartis, Pfizer, Sanofi, Takeda. Other Research Support; Significant; Bayer, Chugai, Otsuka. Honoraria; Modest; AstraZeneca, Bayer, Pfizer, Sanofi, Takeda. Honoraria; Significant; Daiichi Sankyo, MSD.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.