Abstract 12492: Multimodality Intravascular Imaging Assessment of Plaque Erosion vs Plaque Rupture in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome
We used optical coherent tomography (OCT) and virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) to assess culprit lesions in 146 Korean pts with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
Methods: Culprit lesion plaque rupture (PR) or plaque erosion (PE) was diagnosed with OCT; and IVUS was used to determine arterial remodeling. PE (n=56) was the presence of intracoronary thrombus attached to the luminal surface with no detectable signs of fibrous cap rupture that was seen in 90 ACS pts with PR. Positive remodeling was a remodeling index (lesion/reference EEM [external elastic membrane] area) >1.05.
Results: Pt age was 60±12 yrs in PR and 62±11 yrs in PE; 19% of PR vs 18% of PE were females. Overall, 25% (14/56) of PE had non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and 34% (19/56) had STEMI; conversely, 14.4% (13/90) of PR had NSTEMI and 71% (64/90) had STEMI (p<0.0001). Vessel size, minimal lumen area, and lumen area at the PR or PE site were similar; however, lesion length was longer in PR. Plaque area was smaller with negative remodeling in PE while PR showed positive remodeling with a larger necrotic core area by VH-IVUS (Table). By OCT, PE were fibrotic in 50% (28/56), fibrocalcific in 16% (9/56), and lipidic in 32.1% (18/56, all but one of which was a thick cap fibroatheroma).
Conclusion: Multimodality intravascular imaging with OCT and VH-IVUS showed fundamentally different pathoanatomic substrates underlying plaque rupture and erosion in Asian pts.
Author Disclosures: S. Kim: None. H. Won: None. G.S. Mintz: None. Y. Hong: None. S. Lee: None. K. Kim: None. J. Hahn: None. W. Lee: None. S. Hyeon: None. J. Kwon: None. S. Shin: None. K. Lee: None. T. Kim: None. C. Kim: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.