Abstract 12427: Racial Disparities in Hospitalization for Atrial Fibrillation: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample 2001-09
Introduction: Racial differences in atrial fibrillation (AF) prevalence and disparities in treatment are well established; however, racial differences in outcomes among patients hospitalized with AF are less clear. We assessed racial differences in complications related to AF in a representative sample of AF hospitalization in the United States.
Methods: We identified adults (≥ 40 years) with a principal diagnosis of AF and length of stay (LOS) among survivors of 1-30 days using weighted national estimates from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. We excluded patients undergoing cardiac surgery or with missing covariates. Annual AF hospitalization rates by race were calculated using the total US population obtained from the US Census Bureau. We used multivariable regression models (covariates listed in Table) to examine associations of race with heart failure and hospital mortality among patients admitted with AF.
Results: 2,244,036 AF hospitalizations (85% White, 6.7% Black, 5.0% Hispanic and 1.4% Asian/Pacific Islander) were analyzed from 2001-09. Hospitalization and outcome data by year are summarized in the table. Across all studied years, Blacks had lower AF hospitalization rates than Whites. Yet in all study years, mean LOS was longer for Blacks (range 4.2-4.6 days) than Whites (range 3.4-3.6 days). Blacks consistently had increased risk of in-hospital heart failure (Odds Ratio [OR] ranged from 1.5 [1.4, 1.7] to 1.7 [1.6, 1.9] across years) and death (OR, 1.5 [1.1, 2.1] to 2.3 [1.7, 3.0]) compared with Whites after adjustment for comorbidities.
Conclusions: Although Blacks have lower incidence of hospitalizations for AF, they experience higher risk of heart failure, longer LOS, and greater mortality compared with Whites hospitalized with AF. Further public health investigation is warranted to examine the causes for disparities in outcomes among Blacks with AF and identify modifiable factors that may improve outcomes of Blacks with AF.
Author Disclosures: G.F. Kwan: None. D.M. Enserro: None. A.J. Walkey: None. R.S. Wiener: None. E.J. Benjamin: None. J.W. Magnani: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.