Abstract 12381: Advantage of Aortic Valve Reconstruction in Dynamic Changes of Aortic Annulus Assessed by Speckle Tracking Echocardiography After Aortic Valve Surgery
Introduction: It is reported that aortic valve reconstruction (AVrC) by using autologous pericardium is useful in patients with various aortic valve diseases. This method may be more effective in preserving the natural motion of the aortic valve annulus. Significant dynamic changes in the aortic annulus have previously been reported in animal models and clinical studies. The purpose of this study is to analize the cyclic changes of the aortic annulus using speckle-tracking trans-esophageal echocardiography in patients who underwent AVrC surgery.
Methods: The subjects were 35 patients underwent AVrC surgery for aortic regurgitation or aortic stenosis and 40 controls. Cyclic aortic annulus diameter of the maximum and minimum diameters were determined from a speckle-tracking displacement curve (figure). These data was used to calculate the absolute change in the diameter of the aortic annulus, which was defined as the difference in diameters throughout the cardiac cycle.
Results: There was significant difference between maximum and minimum aortic annulus diameter in AVrC group (18.7±3.0 mm vs 16.1±2.9 mm, p<0.0001). There was significant difference in the maximum and minimum aortic annulus diameter in control group (22.9±2.7 mm vs 20.0±2.9 mm, p<0.0001). AVrC group had significant cyclic change of aortic annulus as same as control group (AVrC group : 2.6±1.0 mm vs control group : 2.9±0.7 mm, p= NS).
Conclusions: Our study suggests that dynamic changes of the aortic annulus occur in the cardiac cycle and can be measured using speckle-tracking trans-esophageal echocardiography. AVrC may preserve the coordination of the left ventricle, aortic annulus, sinus of Valsalva and aorta compared with conventional aortic valve replacement.
Author Disclosures: G. Hashimoto: None. M. Suzuki: None. H. Yoshikawa: None. T. Otsuka: None. Y. Isekame: None. H. yamashita: None. M. Shiba: None. R. Iijima: None. H. Hara: None. S. Ozaki: None. M. Nakamura: None. K. Sugi: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.