Abstract 12310: Detection of Transient Left Ventricular Apical Hypertrophy During Recovery From Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy by Serial Echocardiography
Introduction: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is characterized by a transient systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle. A few case was reported about left ventricular apical hypertrophy (APH) during recovery from TTC. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of transient APH and the differences in clinical characteristics in TTC patients.
Methods: Forty seven TTC patients were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into two groups as N-APH group which did not show APH like findings in the process of wall motion recovery and T-APH group which showed transient APH findings. Cardiac complications were defined as cardiac death, pump failure, sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation and advanced atrioventricular block.
Results: Twelve of 47 (25.5%) TTC patients demonstrate typical APH findings during recovery from wall motion abnormality. Finally, this APH findings disappeared and left ventricular morphology recovered to normal structure. There is no significant difference between two groups in clinical characteristics (table). Incidence of cardiac complication showed significantly lower in T-APH group than that in N-APH group (P< 0.005).
Conclusions: Transient left ventricular APH were observed in 25.5% in TCC patient by serial echocardiographic observation. Incidence of cardiac complications in T-APH group is significantly lower than that in N-APH group. Detection of T-APH is useful as a prognostic indicator in patients with TTC.
Author Disclosures: G. Hashimoto: None. M. Suzuki: None. H. Yoshikawa: None. T. Otsuka: None. Y. Isekame: None. M. Shiba: None. R. Iijima: None. H. Hara: None. M. Nakamura: None. K. Sugi: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.