Abstract 12250: Type 2 Myocardial Infarction: An Observational Study of Provoking Conditions, Management and In-Hospital Outcomes
Background: Type 2 myocardial infarction (MI) is defined as myocardial necrosis due to an imbalance in supply and demand. Clinical characteristics predisposing to Type 2 MI and medical therapy use remain uncertain.
Methods: Charts of patients admitted to NYU Langone Medical Center in 2013 with a diagnosis of secondary myocardial ischemia (ICD9 411.89) or non-primary diagnosis of non-ST-elevation MI (ICD9 410.71) were retrospectively reviewed, following hospital standardization of acute MI ICD9 coding. Cases with suspected/confirmed Type 1 MI or without rise and fall of troponin were excluded.
Results: Charts of 104 inpatients with Type 2 MI have been reviewed to date, with evaluation of additional cases ongoing. Conditions associated with and possibly provoking Type 2 MI included sepsis (defined as SIRS with an infectious source, 39%), surgery (37%), anemia (Hgb < 7 mg/dL), bleeding, or transfusion ≥1 PRBCs (34%), respiratory failure (28%), tachyarrhythmia (21%), hypotension (17%), hypertensive crisis (8%), and bradycardia (2%). Multiple provoking conditions were identified in 74% of cases. See Table for risk factors, procedure use and results and in-hospital outcomes. Inpatient mortality was 3%. Among 92 patients discharged alive and not to hospice, medical regimens included aspirin (65%), statin (66%), ACE inhibition (ACEi) (38%), and beta blocker (65%). Patients with a peak troponin >1.0 ng/mL (35%) were more likely to be discharged on aspirin (p=0.004) and beta-blocker (p=0.027), but not statin or ACEi.
Conclusions: Type 2 MI occurs most frequently in the setting of sepsis, surgery, and/or anemia in patients with cardiovascular risk factors, but mechanisms of Type 2 MI remain poorly understood. Rates of outpatient antiplatelet and statin prescription are low at hospital discharge, reflecting physician uncertainty about the role of secondary prevention. Further research into mechanisms is needed to inform management of patients with Type 2 MI.
Author Disclosures: N. Smilowitz: None. M.C. Weiss: None. A.M. Mahajan: None. K. Dugan: None. R. Mauricio: None. B. Naoulou: None. E. Gianos: None. B. Shah: Research Grant; Modest; Takeda. Research Grant; Significant; Guerbet, Siemens. S.P. Sedlis: None. M. Radford: None. H.R. Reynolds: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.