Abstract 11983: Auraptene, a Coumaric Compounds Analogous, Improved the Worsening of Systolic Function by Activating Mitochondrial Function After Myocardial Infarction in Rats
Introduction: Heart failure is associated with pathological growth and mitochondrial dysfunction of constituent cardiomyocytes. To achieve effective oral pharmacological therapy for heart failure, we screened compounds isolated from natural products and found that auraptene derived from the peel of Citrus Hassaku may be applicable to pharmacological therapy for heart failure.
Hypothesis: We assessed the hypothesis that auraptene could improve the deterioration of mitochondrial function and the development of heart failure in rats with myocardial infarction (MI).
Methods and Results: In cultured cardiomyocytes, auraptene (2.5-10 μM) dose-dependently repressed phenylephrine-induced hypertrophic responses such as increase in cell size and ANF and ET-1 promoter activations. Auraptene also activated mitochondrial- and lipid metabolism-related gene transcriptions, such as PGC1α, PPARα/γ, mCPT1, UCP3, and PDK4. One week after operation, 22 rats with a moderate size of MI (Fractional shortening (FS) < 40%) were then randomly assigned to vehicle (n=8), auraptene low-dose (5 mg/kg/day, n=7), or high-dose (50 mg/kg/day, n=7). Oral daily treatments with these agents were continued for 6 weeks. There were no differences in left ventricle (LV) geometric and functional data among the 3 MI groups before treatment. After treatment, LVFS was significantly higher in the auraptene low-dose (21%, p < 0.0001) and high-dose (26%, p < 0.0001) groups than the vehicle group (16%). LV wall thickness in the remote non-infarct area was significantly thinner in the auraptene low-dose (1.4 mm, p < 0.01) and high-dose (1.2 mm, p < 0.0001) groups than the vehicle group (2.5 mm). Histological analysis demonstrated that auraptene treatment significantly suppressed MI-induced increases in myocardial cell diameter and perivascular fibrosis compared with vehicle treatment. Moreover, auraptene also prevented the activations of ANF and MCP-1 mRNA levels and up-regulated mitochondrial- and lipid metabolism-related gene transcriptions in LV.
Conclusions: Auraptene treatment prevents the worsening of LV systolic function and represses hypertrophy after MI in adult rats. A natural compound, auraptene is expected as a novel useful agent for heart failure therapy in humans.
Author Disclosures: Y. Sunagawa: None. M. Suzuki: None. M. Funamoto: None. Y. Katanasaka: None. H. Suzuki: None. A. Murakami: None. H. Wada: None. A. Imaizumi: None. T. Hashimoto: None. A. Shimatsu: None. T. Kimura: None. M. Fujita: None. K. Hasegawa: None. T. Morimoto: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.