Abstract 11940: Mineralocorticoid Receptor Dysregulation by MicroRNA-135a in Bradycardic Arrhythmogenic Remodeling
Introduction: Complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) causes arrhythmogenic remodeling and increases the risk of Torsades de Pointes (TdP) arrhythmias. MicroRNAs (miRs) are key regulators of gene expression that contribute to cardiac remodeling. Here, we assess microRNA changes after CAVB and their potential significance in arrhythmogenic cardiac remodeling.
Methods: CAVB was induced in mice via His bundle ablation. Expression of miRs was evaluated by pan-microRNA microarray with qPCR confirmation on samples from controls and at 24 hrs and 4 wks post-CAVB. Arrhythmias were detected by continuous monitoring. MicroRNA target prediction algorithms were used to identify potential target genes. Biological confirmation of targets was by luciferase assay and overexpression (OE) studies in HEK and H9c2 cells respectively.
Results: TdP occurred within 24 hrs in 6/17 CAVB mice, vs no controls. Ventricular tachyarrhythmia episodes were frequent at 4 wks CAVB (212±83 per 24 hrs) and were not seen in controls. CAVB was followed by increased left ventricular (LV) dimension (by 31%, ***p<.001), LV mass (by 33%, *p<.05) and LV fractional shortening (by 33%*) at 4 wks. Of >400 miRs assayed, only miR-135a was altered at 24 hrs (downregulated by 96%***, Fig. A), with 70% decrease at 4 wks. TargetScan predicted miR-135a regulation of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MCR), encoded by the NR3C2 gene. miR-135a OE suppressed NR3C2 3’UTR reporter activity 3.2-fold* (n=5, Fig. B). miR-135a OE did not affect NR3C2 mRNA (Fig. C) but significantly reduced NR3C2 protein expression (n=4, Fig. D). Coexpression with anti-miR-135a eliminated the NR3C2 downregulating effect of miR-135a OE.
Conclusions: The mineralocorticoid receptor, encoded by the NR3C2 gene, is translationally regulated by miR-135a, a microRNA that is downregulated in the heart following CAVB in mice. These results implicate miR-135a/mineralocorticoid modulation in arrhythmogenic ventricular remodeling caused by CAVB.
Author Disclosures: E. Duong: None. J. Xiao: None. K. Le Quang: None. P. Naud: None. Y.F. Shi: None. J.C. Tardif: None. D. Dobrev: None. S. Nattel: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.