Abstract 11911: Comparison of Late Catch-Up Phenomenon Between Sirolimus-Eluting Stent and Everolimus-Eluting Stent During 3 Years Follow-Up - a Propensity Matched Study -
Background: Recent studies have suggested the possibility of late catch-up phenomenon after implantation of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) for coronary artery disease (CAD) compared to bare metal stent. However, little is known about the incidence of late catch-up phenomenon after implantation of everolimus-eluting stent (EES).
Methods: Between April 2007 and May 2011, 1234 patients with CAD were treated with SES and 502 patients were treated with EES in our institution. We used a propensity score matching method with 1:1 matching, including 495 patients treated with SES and 495 patients treated with EES. Late catch-up phenomenon which was defined as target lesion restenosis (1 year to 3 years) were compared between the 2 groups.
Results: After the propensity matching, no difference was seen in baseline characteristics between the 2 groups. Cumulative incidence of TLR at 3 years was 7.1% in EES group and 13.5% in SES group (P=0.001, log-rank test). Incidence of late catch-up phenomenon was 4.2% in EES group and 7.8% in SES group (P=0.020, log-rank test). Multivariate Cox’s proportional hazard analysis revealed that sirolimus eluting stent usage (HR 4.7, 95%CI 2.8-7.9, P<0.001), hemodialysis (HR 2.7, 95%CI 1.5-4.9, P=0.001), 2 stent use for bifurcation (HR 2.1, 95%CI 1.1-4.1, P=0.028), IVUS usage (HR 0.41, 95%CI 0.27-0.62, P<0.001), and ACS (HR 1.9, 95%CI 1.0-3.4, P=0.038) were independent predictors of late catch up phenomenon.
Conclusions: EES was significantly superior to SES in the incidence of late catch-up phenomenon.
Author Disclosures: N. Kobayashi: None. T. Muramatsu: None. R. Tsukahara: None. Y. Ito: None. H. Ishimori: None. K. Hirano: None. M. Nakano: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.