Abstract 11740: Fetal and Neonatal Markers of Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Congenital Heart Disease
Objectives: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at risk for abnormal neurodevelopment (ND). We evaluated associations between fetal Doppler and biometry measures, neonatal electroencephalogram (EEG) and 18-month ND.
Methods: Fetuses with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), transposition of the great arteries (TGA), and tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) had middle cerebral (MCA) and umbilical artery (UA) Doppler velocities, as well as biometry such as head (HC) and abdominal circumference (AC), prospectively recorded at 20-25 (F1), 26-32 (F2), and 33-39 (F3) wks gestational age (GA). Pulsatility indices (PI) with GA-derived z-scores and cerebral-to-placental resistance (CPR) ratios were calculated. Neonatal high-density EEG was preformed preoperatively and the Bayley Scales of Infant Development-III were assessed at 18-months. Factor analysis was used to reduce the number of EEG predictors used in regression analysis.
Results: Among 56 CHD fetuses (N=19 HLHS, N=16 TGA, N=21 TOF) who underwent preoperative EEG, ND scores are available for 33 to date. Cardiac subtype was highly associated with EEG and was considered in all models. Cognition scores were predicted by CPR< 1 ever (B=-15.7, P=0.002) and HC/AC at F2 (B=-130, P=0.013, R2=0.42). Language scores were predicted by UA PI z-score at F1 (B=-9.6, P=0.005, R2=0.27). Motor scores were predicted by UA PI z-score at F1 (B=-3.9, P=0.085), HLHS (B=-15, P<0.001), EFW%ile (B=0.374, P=0.007), and delta band right parietal and right temporal log power in active sleep (B=3.9, P=0.045, R2=0.61).
Conclusion: Lower umbilical artery pulsatility at 20-25 wks GA was associated with higher 18-month Language and Motor scores. A diagnosis of HLHS predicted poorer Motor scores. Increased EEG power in the parietal and temporal region of the right brain predicted higher Motor scores. A larger abdomen relative to head at 26-32 wks was associated with improved cognition while diminished cerebrovascular compared with placental resistance predicted poorer cognition, similar to what has been observed in the growth restricted fetus. Further investigation is needed to confirm these hypothesis-generating findings.
Author Disclosures: I.A. Williams: Research Grant; Significant; 1K23HD061601. H. Andrews: None. M.M. Myers: None. W. Fifer: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.