Abstract 11726: Novel Non-Invasive Method to Estimate Myocardial Mass at Risk Calculated From Cardiac Computed Tomography Data: Validation Study Using Angiographic Myocardial Jeopardy Scores in Patients With Single Vessel Disease
Background: The myocardial mass at risk (MMAR), representing volume of myocardium distal to culprit lesion, is one of important factors for predicting adverse cardiac event in ischemic heart disease. However, current non-invasive cardiac imaging fails to quantify MMAR in patients with stable coronary artery disease. We have developed a new software calculating MMAR of any designated coronary artery by reconstructing the 3-dimensional-volume-data of cardiac computed tomography (CCT). The novel index, ratio of MMAR to whole left ventricular volume (%LV-MMAR), calculated with this software would be appealing to obtain MMAR objectively.
This study aims to compare the %LV-MMAR with Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation (BARI) and modified Albert Provincial Project for Outcome Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease (APPROACH) scores, both of which are invasive angiographic methods widely used to estimate MMAR, in patients with single-vessel disease.
Methods: Between April 2008 and March 2014, patients suspected of effort angina pectoris without history of previous myocardial infarction were assessed with CCT and invasive coronary angiography. Of those, 48 patients who were revealed single-vessel disease (left anterior descending artery (LAD): n=22, left circumflex artery (LCX): n=11 and right coronary artery (RCA): n=15) were included in this study. %LV-MMAR was calculated on the software. BARI and modified APPROACH score were calculated and compared with %LV-MMAR.
Results: Mean %LV-MMAR was 27.6 [18.2-37.1] %. BARI and APPROACH scores showed a significant correlation (r=0.92, p<0.0001). Also, a significant correlation was observed between %LV-MMAR versus BARI and %LV-MMAR versus APPROACH (r=0.95, p<0.0001 and r=0.9, p<0.0001, respectively). %LV-MMAR showed significant correlation with BARI and APPROACH scores in all vessels; LAD (r=0.95, p<0.0001 and r=0.91, p<0.0001, respectively), LCX (r=0.91, p=0.0001 and r=0.83, p=0.0002, respectively) and RCA (r=0.92, p<0.0001 and r=0.85, p<0.0001, respectively).
Conclusions: This study revealed %LV-MMAR, calculated from CCT data on novel software, to be a promising index for estimating perfusion territory noninvasively in good agreement with BARI and modified APPROACH score.
Author Disclosures: S. Ide: None. S. Sumitsuji: Honoraria; Modest; Orbus Neich, Asahi Intec., Abbott Vascular, Medtronic, Boston Scientific, Biosensors International, Volcano. Honoraria; Significant; TERUMO. Consultant/Advisory Board; Modest; Kaneka, Goodman. K. Yokoi: None. M. Yoshida: None. I. Mizote: None. M. Awata: None. K. Yamasaki: None. K. Tachibana: None. S. Nanto: None. Y. Sakata: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.