Abstract 11670: Presence of Dissociated Pulmonary Vein Activity After Isolation Depends on Fibrillatory Excitation in Pulmonary Vein
Background: Circumferential pulmonary vein (PV) isolation has been widely accepted as catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). Dissociated PV activity (DPVA) may appear after PV isolation, however, the electrophysiological property and clinical implication of DPVA have not been revealed.
Methods and Results: The study subjects were consecutive 37 patients (62±8 years, 28 men) with drug-refractory AF who underwent successful PV isolation. Electrophysiological property of left atrium (LA) and PV during and after PV isolation were investigated.
Excluded 21 PVs without LA-PV connection before procedure, all of 112 PVs with successful isolation were analyzed. DPVA appeared in 14 PVs (13%) after PV isolation, from left superior PV in 7 (50%), right superior PV in 5 (36%) and left inferior PV in 2 (14%). Mean cycle length (CL) of DPVA was 5180±3080 ms. DPVA appeared in 9 of 37 PVs (24%) without existence of AF, but in 5 of 75 PVs (7%) with existence of AF during procedure (P=0.008). There was the tendency that the CL of DPVA was shorter with existence of AF compared to that without existence of AF (3792±1815 vs. 6682±3041 ms, P=0.08), and the suppression of DPVA was observed by over drive pacing inside of PV with PV capture in several cases. There was not significant relationship between the presence of DPVA and AF recurrence with 2-month blanking period after PV isolation.
Conclusions: The presence of DPVA after PV isolation depended on the existence of AF during procedure, but was not significantly related to the AF recurrence after PV isolation. The long CL and suppressive maneuver with PV over drive pacing suggested the vulnerability of DPVA. Thus, these findings suggest that passive and/or spontaneous fibrillatory excitation in PV might suppress the automatic activity of myocardial sleeves in PV.
Author Disclosures: T. Kaneshiro: None. H. Suzuki: None. Y. Matsumoto: None. M. Nodera: None. Y. Kamiyama: None. Y. Takeishi: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.