Abstract 11446: Systemic Administration of Mitochondria Alleviates 100% Oxygen-Induced Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Rats
Background: We tested the hypothesis that mitochondria-replacement therapy ameliorated 100% oxygen-induced rat acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
Methods and Results: Adult-Male SD rats (n=24) were equally categorized into group 1 (controls, room air inhalation), group 2 (ARDS: induced by inhalation of 100% oxygen for 48 hrs), and group 3 [ARDS + mitochondrial transfusion (1400 μg/each rat) from intra-venous administration 6 h after ARDS induction]. By 72 h after ARDS induction, the oxygen saturation (O2-Sat) was significantly lower in group 3 and more significantly lower in group 2 than in group 1, whereas pulmonary artery systolic-blood pressure showed a reversed pattern of O2-Sat among three groups (all p<0.001). H&E stain for lung crowded score showed an identical pattern of O2-Sat and number of alveolar sacs and lung weight exhibited an opposite pattern of O2-Sat among the three groups. The protein expressions of apoptotic (mitochondrial Bax, cleaved caspase 3 & PARP), fibrotic (Smad5, TGF-β), ROS (NOX-1, NOX-2, NOX-4), oxidative stress (oxidized protein), DNA- & mitochondrial-damaged (γ-H2AX, Ki-67; cytosolic cytochrome-c) and inflammatory (TNF-α, MMP-9, NF-κB) biomarkers, and IHC/IF microscopic findings of inflammatory (CD14+, CD68+), DNA-damaged (γ-H2AX+, Ki-67+) cells exhibited an opposite pattern, whereas the protein expressions of anti-apoptotic (Smad1/3, BMP-2) markers exhibited an identical pattern of O2-Sat among three groups (all p<0.001). The anti-oxidant (HO-2, NQO-1), mitochondrial-preserved (mitochondrial cytochrome-c) biomarkers, and cellular levels of anti-oxidants (HO-1, NQO-1, GR, GPx) were significantly higher in group 2 and more significantly higher in group 3 than in group 1 (all p<0.0001).
Conclusions: Mitochondria therapy protects against 100% oxygen-induced ARDS.
Key words: mitochondrial replacement, acute lung injury, inflammation, oxidative stress, DNA and mitochondrial damage
Author Disclosures: H. Yip: None. T. Tsai: None. S. Leu: None. S. Chua: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.