Abstract 11317: Outcomes of Atrial Arrhythmia Surgery for Atrial Tachyarrhythmias in Patients With Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot
Background: Atrial tachyarrhythmia is common in adults with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) due to surgical scarring from repairs and atrial enlargement. The maze procedure refers to surgical ablation within the right atrium to disrupt arrhythmogenic circuits and is sometimes performed concomitantly during reoperation on repaired TOF patients. Our study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of maze in TOF patients.
Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review that identified 30 TOF patients who underwent a pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) with maze and 38 TOF patients who underwent a PVR without maze from 1994 to 2011 and had at least 2 years of post-surgical follow-up at the Ahmanson/UCLA Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center. Preoperative and postoperative arrhythmia status and management were compared in maze and non-maze groups.
Results: Before the procedure, the most common pre-operative arrhythmias in the maze group were a history of atrial fibrillation (AFib)(n=16), atrial flutter (AFL)(n=10), and other supraventricular tachycardia (SVT)(n=6). Isolated right atrial maze was performed in 26 patients, and combined right and left atrial maze-cox procedure was performed in 4 patients. Of the 16 patients in the maze group with pre-op Afib, 6 had recurrent Afib within the first 2 years of follow-up (62.5% relative reduction, p=0.012). Of the 10 patients with pre-op AFL, only 1 had recurrence (90% relative reduction, p=0.012). Of the 6 patients with pre-op SVT, 4 had recurrence (33.3% relative reduction, p=0.727). There was no significant arrhythmia status change in the non-maze group at 2 years. Comparing patients with and without maze, the average cardiopulmonary bypass times were 155 minutes and 97 minutes, respectively (p=0.064), and aortic cross clamp times were 122 minutes and 64 minutes, respectively (p=0.004). On average, patients with maze spent 3.7 more days in the hospital compared to those without maze (p=0.001).
Conclusions: Performing a concomitant maze procedure in patients undergoing TOF repair was associated with a moderate improvement in atrial tachyarrhythmia burden over 2 years. TOF patients who had the concomitant maze procedure required longer cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross clamp time, and total hospital stay.
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Adult congenital heart disease
- Atrial arrhythmias
- Arrhythmias, treatment of
- Atrial fibrillation
Author Disclosures: J. Chang: None. S. Patel: None. T.R. Grogan: None. J.A. Aboulhosn: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.