Abstract 11254: Association of Sleep Disordered Breathing and Sleep Architecture With Atrial Fibrillation: The MESA Study
Background: Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) has been associated with nocturnal atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the association of SDB and other important sleep characteristics with prevalent AF (beyond nocturnal AF) is unclear. We explored the cross-sectional association of SDB and other objectively measured sleep characteristics with AF.
Methods: Prevalence of AF was examined among MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) study participants who underwent polysomnography (PSG) (n=2048) (MESA Sleep Study). Presence or a history of AF was determined if AF or atrial flutter was identified by at least one of the following measures: (i) 12-lead ECG during study examination; (ii) PSG; (iii) ICD-9 codes from hospital discharge diagnosis; (IV) inpatient and outpatient Medicare claims data.
Results: Overall prevalence of AF was 4.9 % (n=100). Prevalence of AF was significantly higher at 6.7% in subjects with moderate to severe SDB (n = 691, apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥15/h) compared with a prevalence of 4.0% in participants without SDB (n = 707, AHI < 5/h) (p=0.02). After accounting for demographics, body habitus, cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and prevalent CVD, participants with higher values of AHI were more likely to have AF, although the result was not statistically significant (OR: 1.22 [0.99-1.49] per SD [17/hr], p = 0.06). Exploratory analyses of the association of sleep architecture with AF using the same model found significantly lower odds of AF associated with longer duration of slow wave sleep (SWS) (OR: 0.66 [0.5-0.89] per SD [34 min], p = 0.01). Results from a multivariable model that included 3 key sleep characteristics (AHI, SWS time and arousal index (AI)) suggested that all were independently associated with AF (AHI: OR 1.45 [1.13-1.87] per SD, p = 0.004; SWS time: OR 0.65 [0.49-0.87] per SD, p = 0.004; AI: OR 0.65 [0.50-0.86] per SD (12/hr), p = 0.002).
Conclusion: In a cross-sectional study of a large multi-ethnic population, the prevalence of AF was associated with more severe SDB, shorter SWS time, and lower AI. This finding highlights sleep architecture’s implication, potentially via autonomic balance, in the association between sleep and AF.
Author Disclosures: Y. Kwon: None. S.A. Gharib: None. M. Biggs: None. D.R. Jacobs: None. A. Alonso: None. D. Duprez: None. J. Lima: Research Grant; Significant; Toshiba Medical Systems. G. Lin: None. E.Z. Soliman: None. R. Mehra: None. S. Redline: None. S. Heckbert: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.