Abstract 11236: Prevalence and Risk Factors of Catheterization-Related Cerebral Infarction: Evaluation at Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Introduction: Due to improvements of catheter design and approach, catheterization-related cerebral infarctions are expected to decrease, whereas this may be counterbalanced by increased risk profile of patients who undergo catheterization.
Aims: The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence and risk factors of symptomatic and asymptomatic catheterization-related cerebral infarctions in the contemporary era, using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Methods and Results: We retrospectively analyzed 84 patients who underwent 1237 diagnostic and interventional catheterization procedures conducted within 2010 and 2011 in our hospital and who obtained the MRI within 14 days after catheterization. Among these, 10 patients developed a neurological event underwent MRI for suspected cerebral infarction (group A), whereas 74 patients were asymptomatic and underwent MRI for various reasons (group B); 52% of patients for the assessment before coronary bypass or surgery of aortic valve, 19% for the systemic vascular assessment for atherosclerotic diseases, and 28% for other reasons. The MRI revealed a fresh cerebral infarction in 5 patients in group A and 22 patients (29.7%) in group B. In patients with infarct lesions, more number of catheters were used (p=0.01), the intravascular procedure was longer (mean ± SEM, 17.1 ± 1.7 minutes vs. 22.7 ± 2.4 minutes, p=0.06), and the mean age tended to be higher (mean ± SEM, 74.1 ± 1.67 vs. 70.4 ± 1.1, p=0.07). The features of infarction were as follows: 62.9% of patients had multiple lesions and relatively small lesions in asymptomatic patients compared to those in symptomatic patients.
Conclusions: Symptomatic cerebral infarction occurred after 5 of 1237 (0.4%) procedures. However, the rate of asymptomatic catheterization-related cerebral infarctions detected using diffusion-weighted MRI remains high in high-risk patients or candidates for cardiac surgery, when the rate is compared to that reported by previous studies conducted around 10 years ago. More number of catheters used and longer procedure time were associated with cerebral infarction in present study and careful procedural planning is warranted.
Author Disclosures: Y. Morita: None. T. Kato: None. M. Funasako: None. E. Nakane: None. S. Miyamoto: None. T. Izumi: None. T. Haruna: None. M. Inoko: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.