Abstract 11133: The Incidence and Predicting Factors of Heart Failure After First Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Population[[Unable to Display Character: ‐]]Based Study in Taiwan
Background: Early coronary revascularization and medical therapy advancement improve the survival of patients (pts) with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, survivors of AMI are at heightened risk of developing heart failure (HF) and there is a paucity of information regarding this issue in Asian countries. This study described the temporal trends in the incidence of HF after the first AMI and the predicting factors of HF development in Taiwan.
Methods: We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study by using 1999 to 2009 National Health Insurance Research Database. Pts aged≧18 years, with no history of HF, who hospitalized with a first AMI between January 2002 and December 2008 were identified and followed up for one year. The primary outcome was HF. We evaluated the incidence of HF during the index hospitalization, 30 days, 6 months, and one year after the discharge. The predicting factors of HF were identified by Cox proportional hazard model.
Results: Overall, 42,011 first AMI pts (mean age 64.4 ± 13.8 years; male 75.0%) from 2002 to 2008 were identified. The HF incidence during the index hospitalization was 14.8%. After exclusion of HF during the hospitalization, the overall HF prevalence at 30 days, 6 months, and 1 year was 9.6%, 14.2%, and 16.8%, respectively. The HF prevalence at 1 year declined from 17.9% to 14.9% (p<0.05) from 2002 to 2008. The independent predicting factors of HF after the first AMI were elder age (≧65 years) (adjusted HR 1.81, 95% CI 1.51-2.18), diabetes mellitus (adjusted HR 1.30, 95% CI 1.21-1.41), chronic kidney disease (adjusted HR 1.41, 95% CI 1.20-1.65), use of loop diuretics within 30 days after the discharge (adjusted HR 2.21, 95% CI 2.00-2.43), and recurrent AMI (adjusted HR 2.43, 2.16-2.74).
Conclusions: Survivors of AMI without prior HF remain at risk of developing HF in Taiwan and most episodes occur within 6 months after AMI. Five important clinical factors of HF were identified that may help us for risk stratification.
Author Disclosures: C. Lee: None. Y. Li: None. C. Cheng: None. J. Chen: None. Y. Kao Yang: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.