Abstract 11026: Aldosterone Level in the General Community Predicts New Onset Cardiometabolic Disease
Introduction: Plasma aldosterone (Aldo) increases Na and water reabsorption and mediates inflammation. Our recent findings in a general population cohort showed Aldo strongly associated with hypertension (HTN), obesity, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and lower natriuretic peptide levels (NPs) during a first visit (V1), even when Aldo was within the normal range. It is undefined whether Aldo itself (V1) and/or its increase after 4-year (second visit, V2) can predict new onset cardiovascular and metabolic diseases.
Hypotheses: We hypothesized that: 1) Aldo-V1 predicts new onset disease at V2; 2) The increase of Aldo between V1 and V2 predicts new onset disease-V2; and 3) Aldo-V2 remains associated with cardiovascular and metabolic disease-V2.
Methods: We defined the correlations between Aldo-V1 and Aldo-V2 with cardiometabolic diseases and medications at V2, in a general community cohort (N=1368) from Olmsted County, MN. Associations were adjusted for age, sex and BMI; Aldo was analyzed as continuous variable and according to tertiles.
Results: After 4 years, Aldo-V1 continuous variable predicted new onset of central obesity (p=0.0113, OR=1.36, CI=1.07-1.73), HTN (p=0.0012, OR=1.36, CI=1.13-1.63) and use of antilipemic drugs (p=0.0119, OR=1.25, CI=1.05-1.48); while Aldo-V1 in the 3rd tertile predicted new onset of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) (p=0.0392, OR=1.96, CI=1.03-3.70), use of antilipemic therapy (p=0.0162, OR=1.59, CI=1.09-2.31) and HTN (p=0.049, OR1.44, CI=1.00-2.08) at V2. Secondly, we observed that the increase in Aldo between V1 and V2 predicted new HTN-V2. Finally, we found higher Aldo-V2, but still within the normal range and Aldo-V2 remained associated with HTN, obesity and CKD, when analyzed as continuous variable and when in the 3rd tertile.
Conclusions: In the general community, Aldo-V1 predicts new onset HTN, central obesity, T2DM and use of antilipemic therapy. Importantly, the increase of aldosterone between V1 and V2 also predicts new onset HTN. Finally, Aldo-V2 correlates with HTN, obesity and CKD as we found at V1. Further studies are warranted to evaluate aldosterone as therapeutic target to delay disease progression, and to support its role as prognostic biomarker to identify high-risk subjects.
Author Disclosures: A. Buglioni: None. V. Cannone: None. S. Sangaralingham: None. D.M. Heublein: None. C.G. Scott: None. K.R. Bailey: None. R.J. Rodeheffer: None. R. Sarzani: None. J.C. Burnett: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.