Abstract P447: Cellular Adhesion Molecules: Early Indicators of Subsequent Clinical Cardiovascular Disease Events in a Young Adult Population. The CARDIA Study.
Background: Cellular adhesion molecules (CAM) have a central role in the accumulation of circulating leukocytes at sites of vascular injury, infection and/ inflammation, and have been associated with the development of atherosclerotic plaque and coronary artery disease in mature adults.
Objective: To test the hypothesis that higher overall circulating CAM levels in young adults predict cardiovascular disease (CVD) events over the next 18 years.
Method: We measured several circulating CAM molecules (ICAM-1, P-selectin, E-selectin and VCAM) in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study at exam year 7 (1992-93, black and white men and women, CVD-free, mean age 32, range 25-37 years, n=2428) and monitored incident CVD events (n=70, including coronary heart disease, stroke, and heart failure, adjudicated based on medical records) through exam year 25, mean age of 50 years. We ranked each CAM in quintiles (coded 0-4) and summed the ranks across CAMs into an index to examine the association with incident CVD with Cox regression models.
Results: Unadjusted cumulative CVD event rates were 1.6% (sum of CAM quartile ranks 0-8: 22 events in 1353 participants), 2.3% (sum of ranks 9-12: 29/813), and 7.3% (sum of ranks 13-16: 19/262). In proportional hazards regression analysis adjusted for year 7 age, sex, race, clinic, education, smoking, diet, physical activity, body mass index, blood pressure, blood lipids, and blood glucose, sum of ranks 13-16 were associated with a higher risk of CVD compared to the referent (rank sum 0-8) (See Table).
Conclusion: High levels of circulating CAMs at an early stage of adulthood (mean age 32, range 25-37 years) were associated with an increased risk of incident CVD events. CAMs may be an early biomarker for development of subclinical CVD, even in CVD-free young adults with low atherosclerosis burden and decades prior to the development of clinical CVD.
Author Disclosures: M.D. Gross: None. A.O. Odegaard: None. S.J. Bielinski: None. J.R. Suarez-Lopez: None. J. Carr: None. D.A. Duprez: None. C.E. Lewis: None. L. Lange: None. D.R. Jacobs: None. A.P. Reiner: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.