Abstract P396: Presence of Hypertension and the Effect on Clinical Outcome Scores of IV rt-PA Receiving Patients at a Community Primary Stroke Center (PSC) in Urban Los Angeles
Background: Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (IV rt-PA) is the only FDA approved thrombolytic treatment for acute ischemic stroke offering at least a 30% chance of improvement over placebo.
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of hypertension (HTN) and other various covariates of patients receiving IV rt-PA thrombolysis treatment for ischemic stroke on clinical outcome scores over time: mRS (modified Ranking Scale) & NIHSS (National Institute of Health Stroke Scale).
Methods: A retrospective analysis utilized repeated measures design (SAS Windows version 9.3) on patients receiving IV rt-PA thrombolysis treatment for ischemic stroke from Jan 1, 2012 to Dec 31, 2012. The total cohort used for analysis, N=60. Two cases were not included due to death. Baseline measures were taken at admission and one follow-up time point at discharge. All covariates were included first in univariate models. Those which were found to be significant were then included in multivariate analysis. All statistical significance tests were 2-sided, α=.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: In univariate analyses, there is a significant time effect (p=0.0001), evidenced by the decrease in NIHSS over time and a significant difference in average NIHSS scores between those with and without HTN (p=0.0016). A test of interaction of HTN status by time was not significant ( p >0.05). NIHSS scores appear to decrease faster for those without HTN, however, this difference in rate is not significant. Not having HTN was associated with a decrease in mean NIHSS score over time, while having a hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is associated with an increase in mean NIHSS score. Age, gender, ethnicity, and IV rt-PA door to needle time were not found to be significant predictors of mean NIHSS scores over time.
Conclusions: Patients with hemorrhagic transformation were associated with poorer clinical outcomes, as expected. These patients receiving IV rt-PA for acute ischemic stroke generally improved, as expected. It was interesting to note that individuals with HTN appear to be admitted and discharged with higher NIHSS scores versus those without HTN, despite HTN being promptly treated when present. This demonstrates the importance of HTN prevention and blood pressure control treatment.
Author Disclosures: J. Garland: None. A. Antonio: None. A. Liu: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.