Abstract P376: 40-year Population Trends in Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Finland
Background: Finland has experienced remarkable changes both in population levels of coronary heart disease risk factors and mortality over the past decades. For the national monitoring of risk factors in major non-communicable diseases, National FINRISK Studies have been implemented from 1972 to 2012. The 40-year changes in CHD risk factors are presented.
Methods: Study population included participants aged 30 to 59 years in the series on independent random population samples. Data were collected in five-year intervals in 1972-2012. FINRISK studies so far comprised 53 589 men and women who participated in a health examination, gave a venous blood sample, and filled in questionnaires. Serum total cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and body mass index were measured using standardized protocol, and smoking status was recorded.
Results: Total serum cholesterol decreased remarkably until the year 2007, but has thereafter turned to an increase. Systolic blood pressure has continued to decline over time since 1972, while decrease in diastolic blood pressure has leveled off during last ten years. Smoking prevalence has markedly decreased. Body mass index has increased in the population, yet the significant changes occurred in the earlier survey years, not in past 10 years. These changes in trends are shown in both sexes and all age groups in all geographical locations.
Conclusions: After three decades of favorable development, the population risk factor levels showed some increase in total cholesterol and diastolic blood pressure. Some of these changes, such as in total serum cholesterol can be partially explained by unfavorable changes in dietary cholesterol intake. Our findings emphasize the need for continued efforts towards national disease prevention and health promotion.
Author Disclosures: K. Borodulin: None. E. Vartiainen: None. M. Peltonen: None. P. Jousilahti: None. A. Juolevi: None. T. Laatikainen: None. S. Mannisto: None. V. Salomaa: None. J. Sundvall: None. P. Puska: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.