Abstract P351: Inflammation and Stroke Risk in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study
Background: Levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 and the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 are altered in acute stroke patients compared to controls. However, results for IL-10 are inconsistent (higher in stroke patients compared to controls in some studies and decreased in others) and very few studies have examined associations of these biomarkers with risk of incident stroke.
Methods: We examined associations of baseline levels of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 with stroke risk factors and risk of incident stroke in 1,572 white and black men and women from the REGARDS Study; an observational cohort of 30,239 adults followed for 5 years. Among those without prebaseline stroke, stroke cases (n=592, 53% men, 59% white, mean age 70 years) were compared to a cohort random sample (n=980, 44% men, 58% white, mean age 65 years). We used Cox proportional hazards models to examine associations of biomarkers with incident stroke. Hazard ratios (HR; 95% confidence intervals) for highest compared to lowest quartile for each biomarker are presented.
Results: Baseline IL-6 was significantly higher in incident stroke cases compared to the cohort sample (p<0.001) while IL-8 and IL-10 levels did not vary significantly (p>0.05 for both). Adjusting for age, sex and race, IL-6 was higher in blacks compared to whites and higher in current smokers compared to never/former smokers (all p≤0.01). IL-6 was inversely associated with physical activity, alcohol use and education (all p≤0.01). IL-8 and IL-10 did not vary significantly with the risk factors examined. Adjusting for age, sex and race, the HR for risk of incident stroke in those in the highest compared to lowest quartile of IL-6 was 2.4 (1.6-3.4). HRs for IL-8 and IL-10 were 1.5 (1.0-2.1) and 1.4 (1.0-1.9), respectively. Adjusting for Framingham stroke risk factors and history of coronary heart disease, only IL-6 remained significantly associated with stroke risk (HR 2.0; 1.3-3.2). HRs for IL-8 and IL-10 were 1.1 (0.7-1.6) and 1.2 (0.8-1.8), respectively. IL-6 remained significantly associated with stroke risk when C-reactive protein was added to the model (HR 1.7; 1.1-2.7). Associations did not differ by race.
Conclusions: In this population-based sample of US black and white adults, IL-6, but not IL-8 or IL-10, was associated with stroke risk factors and risk of incident stroke. Further study is needed on the clinical utility of IL-6 measurement in stroke risk assessment.
Author Disclosures: N.S. Jenny: None. P. Callas: None. N.A. Zakai: None. L. McClure: None. S. Judd: None. B. Kissela: None. J. Meschia: None. S. Lakoski: None. M. Cushman: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.