Abstract P279: A High Fiber Nutrient Dense Supplement Moves the Metabolome in Obese Parent[[Unable to Display Character: −]]Teen Dyads
Objective: To determine whether twice daily intake of a low-calorie (110 kcal), high-fiber, fruit and dark chocolate based nutrient-dense bar with supplemental vitamins/minerals, β-glucan, and docosahexaenoic acid might serve as an effective adjunct to lifestyle counseling for weight management in an inner city population.
Methods: 18 overweight, predominantly female adolescent/parent guardian dyads and 2 triads (21 adults, 22 teens, randomized as 12 intervention (INT, with bars), 8 control (C) family units were recruited from a pediatric obesity clinic. The cohort was 48.7% Nonhispanic Black, 34.1% Hispanic, and 17.0% Caucasian. Two adults dropped out. The remaining 41 subjects participated in six identical weekly exercise and nutrition sessions by group. Full assessment of physical (BMI, blood pressure), behavioral (diet, activity), metabolic (cardiovascular and diabetes risk biomarkers), and metabolomic status was conducted at baseline and end-of-study.
Results: There was excellent attendance in both INT and C groups with all family units participating in more than 80% of group sessions and 100% of baseline and follow-up assessment visits. Compliance with nutrition bar intake was 86 ± 11% and 87 ± 14% among INT group adults and teens respectively. There was considerable obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, inflammation, and insulin resistance in all subjects and baseline diets were universally poor. Self-report activity increased and dietary habits improved in both INT and C groups, adults and teens, most notably decreased saturated fat and total carbohydrates (especially added sugars). Weight was stable, even in the INT group despite the addition of 220 additional kcal in two daily nutrition bars. In paired analyses, systolic blood pressure (SBP) improved significantly in INT teens (-6.7 ± 9.2 mm Hg, p = 0.02), and worsened in C teens (+6.3 ± 7.7 mm Hg, p = 0.04); p = 0.002 for unpaired comparison by teen group. Plasma homocysteine levels and two amino acids, citrulline and sarcosine, implicated in the arginine-urea cycle pathway fell in both INT parents and teens, but not in controls. The drop in citrulline was more significant in INT teens (p= 0.005) than in adults (p = 0.047). In a diet-induced obesity mouse model, elevated plasma citrulline has been associated with cardiometabolic complications attributed to decreased systemic arginine bioavailability that may affect capacity to produce nitric oxide. The observed metabolomic changes are consistent with more efficient mitochondrial processing and may relate to the systolic BP improvement observed in teens.
Conclusions: A nutritional supplement bar may be a valuable adjunct for weight management, resulting in early favorable metabolomic changes.
Author Disclosures: J.H. Suh: None. N. Narayanan: None. K. Laine-Graves: None. J.C. McCann: None. S.V. Shenvi: None. M.K. Shigenaga: None. B.N. Ames: None. M. Mietus-Snyder: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.