Abstract P127: Ayurveda Improves Arterial Stiffness and Cardiometabolic Risk in Coronary Patients: A Prospective Pilot Study
Introduction: Ayurveda is the ancient East Indian holistic approach to health that includes yoga, meditation, breathing exercises, medicinal herbs, and other practices. Although it has been practiced for nearly 5000 years there is little objective data regarding its efficacy in coronary disease.
Hypothesis: Can the addition of Ayurveda to usual care improve markers and risk factors of cardiovascular disease?
Methods: Twenty-six volunteers with a history of prior myocardial infarction, coronary bypass surgery, or coronary angioplasty/stent were recruited from the University of New Mexico cardiology clinics. Each patient underwent consultation with a single Ayurvedic specialist and received personalized instruction in daily yoga, meditation, breathing, medicinal herbs, and a caloric unrestricted Ayurvedic diet. Standardized measurements of arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity) and cardiometabolic risk factors were obtained at baseline and after 90 days of therapy.
Results: Nineteen patients, mean age 71.6 years, completed the study, six dropped out and one was lost to follow up. Among hypertensive patients (n=15), 60% (9 of 15) had either a >10 mm Hg drop in systolic blood pressure (n=4) or required a reduction in anti-hypertensive medications due to persistent systolic blood pressure < 110 mm Hg (n=5). Statistical analysis was performed using the paired student’s t test.
Conclusion: This pilot study suggests that short term Ayurvedic therapy improves arterial stiffness and many cardiometabolic risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease. These findings support the need for a randomized controlled trial to further study the effects of Ayurveda on cardiovascular disease.
Author Disclosures: R. DuBroff: None. V. Lad: None. C. Murray-Krezan: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.