Abstract P096: Maternal Serum C-Reactive Protein Levels During Pregnancy and Risk for High C-Reactive Protein 7-13 Years Later
Introduction: Elevated serum C-reactive protein (CRP) can be a marker of disease activity involving inflammation, such as pregnancy complications and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Systemically high levels of CRP in women, including during pregnancy, may indicate higher risk for CVD. It is unknown if CRP measured during the pro-inflammatory state of pregnancy correlates with concentrations assessed 7-13 years after delivery.
Hypothesis: Concentrations of CRP assessed during pregnancy will be related to CRP measured several years after pregnancy, independent of weight gain.
Methods: We studied the first 252 women enrolled in the follow-up of the Pregnancy Outcomes and Community Health Study (POUCHmoms 2011-2013) with complete CRP data for the pregnancy (mean gestational age: 22.36 [2.22] weeks) and POUCHmoms visits (mean follow-up: 10.76 [1.38] years). The relative risk for high hsCRP (≥ 3.39 μg/ml) at the follow-up visit, related to quartiles of CRP during pregnancy, was examined using stepwise regression models.
Results: Median (IQR) levels of pregnancy CRP and hsCRP at the follow-up visit were 5.68 [3.08, 9.76] and 3.39 [0.69, 9.73] μg/ml, respectively. Although absolute values of hsCRP at follow-up were generally lower than pregnancy CRP, 56% of women in the top and bottom quartiles of pregnancy CRP (71 of 126) were in the same quartile for hsCRP at follow-up (figure). The relative risk of having high hsCRP (≥ 3.39 μg/ml) at follow-up ranged from 2.7-5.2 for the 2nd- 4th quartiles of pregnancy CRP (vs. the 1st quartile). Controlling for pre-pregnancy BMI and follow-up weight change, the relative risk of having high hsCRP at follow-up was significantly higher for the 2nd (1.15 [1.02-1.30]),3rd (1.19 [1.05-1.35), and 4th (1.22 [1.05-1.41]) quartiles of pregnancy CRP.
Conclusions: Pregnancy CRP levels are related to hsCRP levels several years later in this cohort of women, even after adjusting for pre-pregnancy BMI and follow-up weight change. CRP assessed in pregnancy may reflect inflammatory status later in life.
Author Disclosures: B. Rockette-Wagner: None. C. Holzman: None. B.L. Bullen: None. A.D. Althouse: None. J.M. Catov: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.