Abstract P067: Nut Consumption is Associated with a Lower Risk of Death among US Male Physicians
Background: Previous studies have suggested that nut consumption, a good source of unsaturated fatty acids, magnesium, potassium, fiber, antioxidants, and vitamins is associated with a lower risk of coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and sudden cardiac death. However, limited data are available on the association between nut intake and all-cause mortality.
Objective: To test the hypothesis that nut consumption is inversely associated with the risk of all-cause mortality.
Methods: A prospective cohort study of 20,742 male physicians from the Physicians’ Health Study. Nut intake was assessed between 1999 and 2002 using a food frequency questionnaire and deaths were ascertained by an endpoint committee. We used Cox regression to estimate multivariable adjusted relative risk of death according to nut consumption. In secondary analyses, we evaluated associations of nut consumption with cause-specific mortality (coronary heart disease, stroke, and cancer deaths).
Results: During a median follow-up of 9.5 years, there were 2,732 deaths. The mean age at baseline was 66.6 ± 9.3 years. Median intake of nuts was 1 time per week. Multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (95% CI) were: 1.0 (ref), 0.91 (0.83-1.00), 0.85 (0.76-0.95), 0.86 (0.75-0.98), and 0.74 (0.63-0.87) for nut consumption of never, 1-3/month, 1/week, 2-4/week, and 5+/week, respectively (p for linear trend <0.0001), after adjustment for age, body mass index, alcohol use, smoking, exercise, energy intake, saturated fat, fruit and vegetables, red meat intake, and prevalent diabetes and hypertension. In a secondary analysis, nut intake was inversely related to CVD death; however, only a suggestive and non-statistically significant relation was seen for cancer mortality (Table).
Conclusions: Our data are consistent with an inverse association between nut consumption and risk of all-cause mortality in US male physicians.
Author Disclosures: L. Djousse: B. Research Grant; Modest; Received investigator initiated grant from the California Walnut Commission. A. Petrone: None. J. Gaziano: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.