Abstract P046: Association of Stromal Derived Factor 1 (SDF1) and Transforming Growth Factor ß1 (TGFß1) with Incident Hypertension: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
Incident hypertension varies across races/ethnicities. Mechanisms implicated in the pathogenesis are endothelial dysfunction with reduction of nitric oxide and alterations of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS). Stromal Derived Factor 1 (SDF1) and Transforming Growth Factor β1 (TGFβ1) are essential in these processes. SDF1 is a chemotactic protein that regulates migration of endothelial progenitor cells from the bone marrow to the arterial wall to repair endothelial damage; TGFβ1 promotes extra-cellular matrix deposition within arterial vessels, inhibits nitric oxide production and stimulates renin release. In order to investigate the association of circulating levels of these proteins with incident hypertension across different ethnicities, an ethnic stratified random sample of 2,880 participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) was used. Of those, 988 participants had available plasma samples and were without hypertension, defined as blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, or current use of antihypertensive medications, at baseline. During a median follow up of 8.5 years, 388 new cases of hypertension (101 in non-Hispanic whites, 94 in Chinese, 101 in African Americans and 92 in Hispanics) were observed. Time to hypertension incidence was estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression. Hazard Ratios were adjusted for age, sex, diabetes, LDL, HDL, triglycerides, BMI, smoking status and current alcohol use. The race/ethnicity by protein interaction p-values were 0.055 and 0.066 for TGFβ1 and SDF1 respectively, suggesting heterogeneity across races/ethnicities. In Chinese, a difference of one standard deviation of plasma TGFβ1 was associated with a 22% increase in incident hypertension (HR (95% CI) 1.22 (1.02, 1.47), p-value=0.03); and a difference of one standard deviation of plasma SDF1 was associated with a 31% decrease in incident hypertension (HR (95% CI) 0.69 (0.52, 0.91), p-value 0.008). No significant association was found between these proteins and incident hypertension among non-Hispanic whites, African or Hispanic Americans. In conclusion, soluble markers of endothelial integrity and of RAAS activation were associated with the incidence of hypertension among Chinese Americans. These results suggest heterogeneity in the pathophysiology of hypertension according to race/ethnicity.
Author Disclosures: C. Berardi: None. J.S. Pankow: None. M.Y. Tsai: None. M. Sale: None. M. de Andrade: None. H. Sicotte: None. W. Tang: None. N. Hanson: None. P.A. Decker: None. P.S. Kirsch: None. C. Wessel: None. S.J. Bielinski: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.