Abstract P023: Risk Factors Associated with Progression of Subclinical Diastolic Dysfunction in a Multiethnic Population
Background: Subclinical diastolic dysfunction is defined as echocardiographic evidence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and normal ejection fraction (EF) without congestive heart failure (HF) symptoms/diagnosis. Our study, for the first time, sought to examine risk factors associated with progression from subclinical diastolic dysfunction to overt HF in a large multiethnic population.
Methods: The study population included patients with asymptomatic diastolic dysfunction and EF ≥ 50% assessed by transthoracic echocardiogram between 2003 and 2008 at Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, NY. Patients with preexisting HF, valvular heart disease or atrial fibrillation prior were excluded. The end point was the development of HF by September 1, 2013. Multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazards models, determined by stepwise selection method, were performed to examine risk factors associated with the development of HF. All analyses were also performed with adjustment and stratification of race.
Results: A total of 7,879 patients, with 21% European Americans (EA), 36% African Americans (AA), 31% Hispanics, and 12% others or unknown, were included in the analysis. Mean follow up time was 6.3 years. Mean age of the cohort was 68±12, with 63% women. The overall cumulative probability of development of HF was 17% (19% in EA, 17% in AA, 19% in Hispanic patients) during the follow up period. In multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression analysis, renal disease (hazard ratio (HR)=1.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3-2.0, P<0.001) and hemoglobin levels (HR=0.9, 95% CI 0.9-1.0, P=0.001) were significantly associated with the development of HF in overall population. In stratification analysis, age (P=0.012) and hypertension (P=0.007) were independent risk factors for HF in Hispanic patients, but not in EA and AA.
Conclusions: In a large multiethnic population with subclinical diastolic dysfunction, renal disease and hemoglobin levels were independently associated with development of HF in overall population.. Age and hypertension were significant risk factors for HF only in Hispanic patients. These results may have important implications in preventing the development of HF from subclinical stage.
Author Disclosures: L. Zhang: None. J. Shan: None. C. Taub: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.