Abstract MP29: Patient Characteristics And Outcomes Associated With In-hospital Onset Of Acute Decompensated Heart Failure
Introduction: There has been little focus on hospitalized acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) that develops after admission, which may occur because of comorbid conditions, over-administration of fluid or post-surgical complications.
Aims: To compare patient characteristics, case fatality, and hospital length of stay (LOS) associated with ADHF that develops after hospital admission as compared to those with ADHF at admission.
Methods: Hospitalizations with possible ADHF were sampled, based on HF ICD codes, among those aged > 55 years from the four communities of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study (2005-2010). Medical records were abstracted with events classified by physician panel or computer classified. Case fatality was obtained through the National Death Index. We identified 4,503 (unweighted) events with definite/probable ADHF, after excluding those with unknown time of decompensation (n=81), hospital transfers (n=102), and race other than black or white (n=118). Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared by ADHF onset (at/after admission). Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association of ADHF onset with in-hospital mortality, and 28-days and one-year mortality, adjusted for demographics and comorbidity. Linear regression was used to evaluate the association of ADHF onset with log-transformed hospital LOS, adjusted for demographics. All analyses were weighted to account for the stratified sampling design.
Results: Of 21,052 (weighted) ADHF events, 7.4% (n=1561) developed ADHF after admission. Patients with ADHF occurring after admission were older (mean: 79 vs. 75 years), and more likely white and female. Those with ADHF at admission were more likely to have a positive smoking history, COPD, and to be on dialysis. Presence of diabetes, hypertension and coronary artery disease were not significantly different between groups. In hospital mortality (16.5% vs. 6.3%; OR= 2.7, 95% CI=1.9-3.8) and 28-day mortality (23.9% vs. 10.1%; OR= 2.4, 95% CI=1.7-3.4) was higher among those who developed ADHF after admission. One-year case fatality was similar (39.4% vs. 33.6%; OR= 1.2, 95% CI=0.9-1.6). Unadjusted mean LOS was longer for those with ADHF occurring after admission (12.8 days, 95% CI=11.8-13.8) than those with ADHF at admission (7.2 days, 95% CI=6.8-7.6). The adjusted and geometric mean LOS was 1.3 days (95% CI=1.2-1.4) longer for those who developed ADHF after admission.
Conclusion: Although patients with ADHF onset after admission were slightly older, differences in comorbidity do not indicate an easily identifiable subgroup for closer in-hospital monitoring. Development of ADHF after admission was associated with an alarmingly high early case fatality and longer hospital LOS compared to those with ADHF at hospital admission.
Author Disclosures: C.A. Kalbaugh: None. P.P. Chang: None. K. Matsushita: None. S.K. Agarwal: None. M. Caughey: None. H. Ni: None. W. Rosamond: None. L. Wruck: None. L. Loehr: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.