Abstract MP02: Quantifying The Impact Of Maintenance And Changes Of Lifestyles On Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease And All-cause Mortality - The Doetinchem Cohort Study
Background: It is not fully understood to what extent changes in lifestyle over time influence the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death among healthy adults, since most studies assessed lifestyle at a single point in time.
Objective: To investigate the association of maintenance and changes in lifestyle profiles over 5 years with risk of CVD and all-cause mortality.
Methods: Healthy lifestyle factors (HLF), i.e., healthy diet, physically active, not smoking, moderate alcohol consumption, sufficient sleep duration, and normal weight were assessed among 5,290 CVD- and cancer-free adults aged 25-65 years in 1993-1997 (baseline examination). Participants were categorized as having unhealthy (0-2 HLF), moderately healthy (3-4 HLF), or healthy (5-6 HLF) lifestyles. They were subdivided as maintained, improved, or deteriorated HLF 5 years later (1998-2002). Multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) for combined fatal and non-fatal CVD and all-cause mortality following the risk-change period were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models.
Results: Individuals who maintained their HLF had 62% lower risk of CVD (HR: 0.38, 95%CI: 0.23-0.64) (Figure 1) and 54% for all-cause mortality (HR: 0.46, 95%CI: 0.27-0.77) than those who maintained unhealthy lifestyles. In general, compared to maintenance of HLF, improvement and deterioration of HLF were associated with better or worse HRs than their baseline risks for CVD and all-cause mortality, respectively.
Conclusion: Maintenance of a healthy lifestyle is associated with significant and independent low risk of CVD and all-cause mortality. Effort is needed to improve the adoption and maintenance of a healthy lifestyle.
Author Disclosures: G. Hulsegge: None. M.L. Daviglus: None. Y.T. van der Schouw: None. H.A. Smit: None. W.M.M. Verschuren: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.