Abstract 06: Body Mass Index And The Risk Of All-cause Mortality Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes
Background: Several prospective studies have evaluated the association between body mass index (BMI) and the risk of all-cause mortality among diabetic patients; however, the results are controversial.
Aim: To investigate the association of BMI levels with all-cause mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes in the Louisiana State University Hospital-based Longitudinal study (LSUHLS).
Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study (2000-2009) of diabetic patients including 19,785 African Americans and 15,534 whites. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate the association of BMI levels at baseline, during follow-up and at last visit with the risk of all-cause mortality.
Results: During a mean follow up of 8.7 years, 4,206 deaths were identified. The multivariable-adjusted (age, sex, smoking, income and type of insurance) hazard ratios (HRs) of all-cause mortality associated with BMI levels (<23, 23-24.9, 25-29.9, 30-34.9 [reference group], 35-39.9, and ≥40 kg/m2) at baseline were 2.53 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.18-2.93), 1.76 (1.48-2.09), 1.23 (1.08-1.40), 1.00, 1.19 (1.02-1.38), and 1.22 (1.05-1.41) for African Americans, and 1.92 (1.63-2.27), 1.53 (1.28-1.82), 1.07 (0.95-1.21), 1.00, 1.07 (0.93-1.23), and 1.21 (1.06-1.39) for whites, respectively. When stratified by age, gender, smoking status or use of anti-diabetic drugs, a U-shaped association was still present. When we used an updated mean or last visit value of BMI, the U-shaped association of BMI with all-cause mortality risk did not change.
Conclusions: The current study indicated a U-shaped association of BMI with all-cause mortality risk among African American and white patients with type 2 diabetes. A significantly increased risk of all-cause mortality was observed among African Americans with BMI<30 kg/m2 and BMI ≥35 kg/m2, and among whites with BMI<25 kg/m2 and BMI ≥40 kg/m2 compared with patients with BMI 30-34.9 kg/m2.
Author Disclosures: W. zhao: None. P. Katzmarzyk: None. R. Horswell: None. Y. Wang: None. J. Johnson: None. S. Heymsfield: None. W. Cefalu: None. D. Ryan: None. G. Hu: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.