Airflow Obstruction, Lung Function, and Incidence of Atrial FibrillationClinical Perspective
The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
Background—Reduced low forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) is reportedly associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF). Extant reports do not provide separate estimates for never smokers or for blacks, who incongruously have lower AF incidence than whites.
Methods and Results—We examined 15 004 middle-aged blacks and whites enrolled in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort study. Standardized spirometry data were collected at the baseline examination. Incident AF was identified from the first among the following: International Classification of Diseases codes for AF on hospital discharge records or death certificates or 12-lead ECGs performed during 3 triennial follow-up visits. Over an average follow-up of 17.5 years, a total of 1691 participants (11%) developed new-onset AF. The rate of incident AF was inversely associated with FEV1 in each of the 4 race and sex groups. After multivariable adjustment for traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors and height, hazard ratios of AF comparing the lowest with the highest quartile of FEV1 were 1.37 (95% confidence interval, 1.02–1.83) for white women, 1.49 (95% confidence interval, 1.16–1.91) for white men, 1.63 (95% confidence interval, 1.00–2.66) for black women, and 2.36 (95% confidence interval, 1.30–4.29) for black men. The above associations were observed across all smoking status categories. Moderate/severe airflow obstruction (FEV1/forced vital capacity <0.70 and FEV1 < 80% of predicted value) was also associated with higher AF incidence.
Conclusions—In this large population-based study with a long-term follow-up, reduced FEV1 and obstructive respiratory disease were associated with a higher AF incidence after adjustment for measured confounders.
- atrial fibrillation
- forced expiratory volume
- pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive
- respiratory physiological phenomena
- risk factors
- vital capacity
- Received May 23, 2013.
- Accepted November 20, 2013.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.