Pregnancy-Associated Acute Myocardial Infarction
A Review of Contemporary Experience in 150 Cases Between 2006 and 2011
The incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in women of child-bearing age is low, and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is uncommon.1,2 Pregnancy, however, has been shown to increase the risk of AMI ≈3-fold compared with the risk in nonpregnant women of similar age.2–5 Although previous studies have provided some data related to the incidence of pregnancy-associated MI (PAMI), clinical characteristics, risk factors, and outcome1,2,4 more information is needed on the mechanisms of AMI, the efficacy and safety of standard therapy, and the applicability of guideline recommendations designed for the general AMI population, to women with PAMI.
The aim of this study was therefore to review contemporary data on PAMI in an attempt to provide recommendations for the management of this condition.
A literature search for cases with AMI related to pregnancy was performed using PubMed and Google Scholar. References from these studies were cross-checked to obtain additional studies that may have been missed by the original search.
All original articles were obtained online or by interlibrary communication. Articles published in languages other than English were translated by medical translators. A total of 134 cases published in the literature from 2006 to 2011 not included in a previous review4 were included in this study.6–124 In addition, 7 cases presented at the First International Congress on Cardiac Problems in Pregnancy in 2010 (Valencia, Spain) and 9 patients treated or consulted by the authors were also included in the analysis. Recommendations were made on the basis of available clinical information, with the understanding that the cases published in the literature and reviewed by us do not represent all the patients who developed PAMI during the period of the study and that reporting may therefore be incomplete and biased. …