Abstract 9908: Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement for High-risk Severe Aortic Stenosis: An Analysis of Incidence, Predictors and Prognostic Impact of New-onset Postprocedural Atrial Fibrillation- Mayo Clinic Experience
Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a serious complication, which occurs in 30% to 40% of patients after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and contributes to adverse outcomes. Advanced technology has enabled transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with High-risk Severe Aortic Stenosis (HRSAS). In these patients, the compliance of the systemic vasculature is an independent predictor of diastolic dysfunction, a known predictor of postoperative AF (POAF). We hypothesize that patients with HRSAS undergoing TAVR represent a population at increased risk for POAF.
METHODS: The medical records of 195 TAVR patients at the Mayo Clinic from November 2008 to January 2013 were analyzed. All patient demographic, clinical, pre- and post-procedural outcomes were collected from the patients’ medical records, and reviewed to ascertain all cases of POAF (AF ≤30 days of surgery). Patients with a prior history of AF (n= 75 (38.5%)) were excluded. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify clinical predictors of POAF after TAVR.
Results: The mean age of the study population was 80.8±7.8 years and 60.8% (n=73) were men. The mean STS risk score was 8.9±5.1. Of the 120 patients without prior AF, 20.8% (n=25) developed new-onset POAF after TAVR. Patients who developed POAF were more likely to have undergone a transapical or transaortic TAVR approach (OR 3.20; 95% CI (1.3-8.0), had a higher incidence of renal complications (52.0% vs 21.5%; p= 0.003), greater hospital length of stay (7.4±2.58 vs 5.0±2.6 days; p= 0.0003, and a trend toward higher 30-day mortality (28.0% vs 13.7%; p= 0.09) and pulmonary complications (16.0% vs 5.4%; p= 0.08) compared with those who did not develop POAF, respectively. Neurologic complications were not different between the 2 group (4.0% vs 3.2%; p= 0.85).
Conclusions: Patients with High-risk Severe Aortic Stenosis undergoing TAVR have increased risk of POAF, primarily associated with a transapical or aortic surgical approach. Patients who develop POAF had higher incidence of post-procedural complications and longer hospitalizations. Therefore, perioperative strategies aimed at prevention of POAF are as important in TAVR patients as in those undergoing SAVR.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.