Abstract 9898: Aldosterone, Cardiorenal and Metabolic Disease in a General Community in Olmsted County, Minnesota: Biomarker and/or Mediator
Introduction: Aldosterone (Aldo) increases sodium and water reabsorption and mediates inflammatory processes. Its relationship to co-morbidities has not been well defined in the general population.
Hypothesis: We addressed the hypothesis that plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) is associated with metabolic and cardiorenal diseases in the general community.
Methods: We determined PAC in a general community-based cohort from Olmsted County, MN (n=1,674), and defined correlations with cardiorenal, metabolic diseases and myocardial function and structure.
Results: PAC was detected in all subjects and ranged from 2.5 to 91 ng/dl (mean value 6.7 ng/dl, +/- SD 6.6). Multivariate analysis adjusted for age, gender, BMI, ANP and BNP showed highly significant correlations between PAC and hypertension (HTN) (p<.0001, OR=2.28, CI:1.91-2.71), atrial fibrillation (p<.01), chronic kidney disease (CKD) (p<.0001, OR=1.64, CI:1.33-2.02), central obesity (p<.0001, OR=1.61, CI:1.27-2.05), hypertriglyceridemia (p<.003), prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) (p<.0007, OR=1.40, CI=1.15-1.71), obesity (p<.0001, OR=1.48, CI:1.27-1.73), and concentric left ventricular hypertrophy (cLVH) (p=.01). Recognizing that ANP and BNP are known inhibitors of Aldo, we defined the relationship between these cardiac hormones (NTpro-ANP and NT-proBNP) and PAC and observed highly significant inverse relationships with NTpro-ANP (p=0.0009), NTpro-BNP (p=0.0003) in the general population.
Conclusions: In conclusion, in the general community, PAC is strongly correlated with renal, metabolic and cardiovascular diseases as well as cardiac remodeling. Specifically, increasing PAC is strongly associated with HTN, CKD, obesity, MetS, cLVH, and lower levels of natriuretic peptides. Our data suggest a key role of Aldo as a possible biomarker and/or mediator of human cardiorenal and metabolic diseases even in the general adult population, prior to overt disease. This study also supports a possible counter regulatory relationship between cardiac natriuretic peptides and PAC. Further studies are warranted to evaluate possible therapeutic interventions targeting Aldo as a strategy to delay disease progression.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.