Abstract 9419: Clinical Impact of Incidental Findings Detected on Computed Tomography in Patients Evaluated for Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
Background: Patients with severe aortic stenosis being considered for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) undergo aortoiliac computed tomographic angiography (CTA) of the chest/abdomen/pelvis. Despite the increasing number of TAVR procedures worldwide, little is known regarding the clinical significance of non-cardiovascular incidental findings (IFs) on TAVR-CTA scans.
Objective: To determine the frequency, clinical significance and impact on survival of non-cardiovascular IFs detected on TAVR-CTA scans.
Methods: CTA studies for 424 consecutive patients being evaluated for TAVR were reviewed for non-cardiovascular IFs (62% male, median age 82±8.3 years). The electronic medical record was reviewed to assess for subsequent clinical management and survival.
Results: An IF was present in nearly all patients (99%). The mean number of IFs per patient was 5.3 (±2.8; range 0-14). After excluding obviously benign IFs, 67% had at least one potentially pathologic IF (mean 1.1±1.0). Factors associated with higher numbers of IFs were age (p<0.0001) and use of IV contrast (p=0.03). IFs prompted clinical work-up in 39 patients (9.2%) and delayed or cancelled procedures in 7 patients (1.7%). The number needed to image to diagnose a new malignancy or medical condition was 19. The number of IFs was predictive of poor overall survival before (HR 1.09; 95% CI (1.02 to 1.70), p=0.02) and after adjustment for baseline clinical variables (HR 1.07; (1.0 to 1.15); p=0.04).
Conclusions: This investigation demonstrates that IFs are present in nearly all TAVR-CTA scans, commonly require further clinical evaluation, and are associated with poorer survival. TAVR institutions should have mechanisms in place to ensure communication and follow-up of IFs.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.