Abstract 9351: Are “All-Comer” Clinical Trials Representative of Contemporary Clinical Practice: A Linked Analysis of the Dual Antiplatelet Therapy (DAPT) Study and the National Cardiovascular Data Registry®
Background: Randomized clinical trials are often criticized for not reflecting real-world practice. To understand the effect of site and patient selection on trial generalizability, we examined US patient and hospital participation within the Dual Antiplatelet Therapy (DAPT) Study, a broadly inclusive trial of PCI patients, using a linked analysis with the CathPCI Registry®.
Methods: Within the CathPCI Registry, we identified patients undergoing PCI between September 1, 2009 and July 1, 2011 - the period of DAPT Study enrollment. We compared US patients enrolled in DAPT to CathPCI Registry patients meeting DAPT inclusion criteria. Characteristics of US DAPT sites were also compared to those of hospitals not participating in DAPT. Standardized differences (%) for all variables were estimated, with those greater than 10% considered significant.
Results: Among 1,139,932 NCDR patients undergoing PCI, 748374 (65.7%) met the enrollment criteria for DAPT, and 23495 (2.1%) were enrolled. Enrolled patients were younger and had lower rates of prior stroke, CHF and peripheral vascular disease, but were similar with respect to race and gender compared with eligible patients (Table). Of the 1276 hospitals within the NCDR, 309 (24.2%) participated in DAPT. Hospital characteristics differed markedly, with DAPT-participating hospitals being larger (mean beds 468 vs. 311), more often located in urban settings (61.2% vs. 42.6%), more often affiliated with training programs (53.7% vs. 34.1%), and with higher annual PCI volumes (mean annual hospital volume 858 vs. 378 PCIs) compared with non-DAPT hospitals.
Conclusions: While liberal inclusion criteria may allow randomized trials to better simulate “real-world” clinical practice, the process of site selection may encourage participation of higher volume, urban hospital settings. These findings are relevant to clinical trial interpretation and implementation of evidence-based practice throughout the healthcare system.
- Clinical trials
- Interventional cardiology
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
- Antiplatelet drugs
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.