Abstract 306: Use of Real-Time Audiovisual CPR Feedback is Associated With Improved CPR Quality During Patient Transfer From the Scene to the Ambulance in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
Background: In the simulation setting, chest compression (CC) quality is reduced when out-of-hospital cardiac arrest “patients” are prepared for transport (i.e. packaged and moved to ambulance). It is unknown whether use of real-time audiovisual CPR feedback (RTAVF) affects manual CC quality when the patient is prepared for transport during actual out-of-hospital resuscitations. We tested the hypothesis that CC quality during patient transfer would be better when using RTAVF.
Methods: CC quality was monitored at two EMS agencies using an E Series monitor/defibrillator with CC sensing capability (ZOLL Medical) during the treatment of consecutive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients who received CC on scene and were transported with ongoing CC. Data were collected during study phases; P1: RTAVF disabled, P2: RTAVF enabled following scenario-based training. Student’s t-test and Wilcoxon-Mann Whitney tests were used to compare CC quality in P1 vs. P2 during early scene and late scene treatment. Late scene was defined as the 3 minutes prior to transport (when packaging and transfer to the ambulance occurs) and early scene was all prior minutes at the scene.
Results: 211 cardiac arrest cases were included: mean age 64±15 yrs, 67% male, 8% survival to hospital discharge. The Table shows that CC quality was superior during both early scene and late scene treatment in P2, when RTAVF was enabled, vs. P1, when RTAVF was disabled.
Conclusion: CC quality, particularly the CC fraction, declines when a patient is packaged for transport and moved to the ambulance. While this decline is not prevented by RTAVF, CC quality during the late scene period is significantly better when using RTAVF. Further study is required to determine the impact of this improvement on outcomes.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.