Abstract 294: Community-Based, Targeted CPR Education to Improve Survival From Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in High-Risk Neighborhoods
Background: High-risk neighborhoods, defined as having a low prevalence of bystander CPR and high incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), may be targets for community-based interventions. The HANDDS Program(identifying High Arrest Neighborhoods to Decrease Disparities in Survival) is a novel intervention to target these neighborhoods to increase CPR awareness.
Objective: Conduct a community-based clinical trial in Denver’s high-risk neighborhoods.
Methods Population: Convenience sample of 344 participants recruited from target neighborhoods during 12-week study period. Intervention: Participants completed a pre-test survey to assess baseline knowledge of CPR. A group hands-only CPR training lasting 1 hour was conducted with the CPR Anytime kit, which includes an educational DVD and hands-on practical skills training. Participants then completed a survey to assess their post-training knowledge and were asked to use the kits to train others. A $10 incentive was given to participants. Two-sample t-tests were conducted to assess for differences in CPR knowledge pre- and post training.
Results: Participants were Asian (50.0%), Black (35.6%), female (68.0%), had completed high school (26.8%), and had an annual income of less than $30,000 (37.1%). After the CPR intervention, the mean number of questions answered correctly on CPR knowledge increased (Table 1): Majority of participants (84.6%) felt comfortable performing hands-only CPR after the intervention. Information was returned by 154 (44.8%) participants, with an additional 836 friends and family trained.
Conclusion: A total of 1180 people were trained in hands-only CPR (average 3.43 people/kit). At $35 per CPR Anytime kit, this comes to a cost $10.20 for each person trained. Participants demonstrated increased knowledge of CPR and enthusiasm to train others. The HANDDS Program is a feasible method for increasing bystander CPR training in high-risk neighborhoods.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.