Abstract 283: Disparities in Bystander CPR and Neurologic Outcomes From Cardiac Arrest According to Neighborhood Ethnicity Characteristics in Arizona
Background and Objectives: There are a growing number of Hispanic citizens in the US and language or other barriers may impede them receiving bystander CPR (BCPR). Our aim was to determine if there are differences in BCPR provision and outcomes for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurring in mainly Hispanic neighborhoods compared to mainly White non-Hispanic neighborhoods in Arizona.
Methods: We analyzed our prospectively-collected statewide Utstein-compliant OHCA database between 1/1/10 - 12/31/11. OHCA cases were geocoded according to the incident address using ArcGIS 10.1 (Esri, Redlands, CA). Census-tract data was used to determine neighborhood characteristics of ethnicity. Neighborhoods were classified as mainly Hispanic or mainly White, non-Hispanic when each population was over 60% in the census-tract.
Results: There were 4531 adult OHCA victims during the study. Cases were excluded from analysis (n=1380) due to incident location, cause of arrest, or because the arrest occurred after EMS arrival. Among 3151 cases, 2839 cases (90.1%) could be geocoded using incident address. CPR performance and outcomes by neighborhood ethnicity are shown (Table). When compared with patients who arrested in mainly White, non-Hispanic neighborhoods, those in mainly Hispanic neighborhoods were less likely to receive BCPR (odds ratio, 0.67; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.52 to 0.84). Although no statistically significant differences were identified in the rate of survival to hospital discharge by main neighborhood ethnicity, patients who arrested in mainly Hispanic neighborhoods were less likely to have favorable neurologic outcomes (Cerebral Performance Score 1 or 2) than those in White, non-Hispanic neighborhoods (odds ratio, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.05 - 0.53).
Conclusion: In Arizona, OHCA victims in mainly Hispanic neighborhoods received BCPR less frequently and had worse neurologic outcomes than those in mainly White, non-Hispanic neighborhoods.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.