Abstract 19112: Retardation of Progression of Mild Aortic Stenosis (AS) by Angiotensin or Aldosterone Antagonism
Aortic stenosis is the most common acquired valvular heart disease. Currently, there are no medications approved to slow its progression. We set out to investigate the effect of ACE inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers and aldosterone antagonists on the rate of progression of mild aortic stenosis. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 2,613 patients over 45 years old, who had a peak velocity between 1.8 and 3 meters/second on initial echo. Over 8 years of followup, 491 patients were prescribed angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and 130 patients were prescribed aldosterone receptor blockers. Patients prescribed ACE inhibitors/ARBs had a slower rate of progression of aortic stenosis compared to those not prescribed ACE inhibitors/ARBs (2.2 to 2.5 vs. 2.3 to 2.8 meters/second) (Figure 1). Also, patients prescribed aldosterone receptor blockers had a slower rate of progression of aortic stenosis compared to those who were not 2.2 to 2.4 vs. 2.3 to 2.8 meters/second) (Figure 2). Our findings suggest that angiotensin or aldosterone antagonism is associated with slower rate of progression of mild aortic stenosis.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.