Abstract 18995: Radiation-Induced Constrictive Pericarditis(r-cp) With Normal Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction is Associated With Lower Global and Regional Myocardial Mechanics Compared to Non-Radiation-Induced Constrictive-Pericarditis(cp)
Background: CP/R-CP may be associated with subtle features of ventricular dysfunction which are not easily detectable with the use of conventional echocardiographic modalities. The aim of this study was to evaluate myocardial mechanics by 2D-STE (2 Dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography) between CP and R-CP. We hypothesized that strain/ strain rate (S/SR) would be worse in the R-CP patients due to radiation-induced myocardial injury.
Methods: We analyzed 180 patients (62% male, age 62±13 years, 127 CP and 53 R-CP) with suitable echocardiographic images and normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF>55%). The two groups were similar in terms of age, cardiovascular symptoms, risk factor profile and LVEF (Table). Selected images were analyzed off-line using Velocity Vector Imaging technology. The diagnosis of CP was based on clinical parameters as well as echocardiography and/or hemodynamic cardiac catheterization. Patients in whom radiation therapy was the primary etiology of CP were classified as R-CP. Global and segmental circumferential, radial, longitudinal, systolic and early diastolic strain and strain rate were analyzed in all patients.
Results: Global and segmental radial (GRadS), global longitudinal (GLS), global basal (GBS), global mid-segment (GMS), septal wall (SWS), and anterior wall (AWS) strain was significantly reduced in the R-CP patients compared with the CP patients (Table). Antero-septal and anterior wall diastolic strain and strain rates (AS + AW Sre, SR) were reduced in the R-CP group. The best differentiators between the two groups were antero-septal (SAS), basal anterior (BAS) and mid anterior (MAS) segmental strain, based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and area under the curve (AUC) analysis. ROC calculations were AUC: SAS 0.67, SBA 0.69, and SMA 0.71.
Conclusion: The study showed that compared with CP, R-CP is associated more with myocardial dysfunction, likely due to radiation-induced myocardial injury.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.