Abstract 18673: Human Enzyme Replacement Therapy in a Patient With Familial Lecithin Cholesterol Acyltransferase Deficiency: Rapid Appearance of Normal Appearing HDL
Introduction: Lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is a liver-derived enzyme in plasma that catalyzes the formation of cholesteryl esters (CE). Mutations in the human LCAT gene result in familial LCAT deficiency (FLD), characterized by absent high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), corneal opacities, anemia, and severe renal disease. Replacing the defective enzyme should restore the normal level of plasma CE (LCAT product) and lead to the appearance of alpha HDL (α-HDL) lipoproteins.
Aim: To assess the formation of CE and the appearance of HDL over time in a FLD patient with recombinant human LCAT (ACP-501).
Methods: A FLD subject with very low HDL-C (<5 mg/dL), corneal opacities, stage 4/5 renal disease, anemia, and splenomegaly received a 1 hour infusion of recombinant human LCAT (rhLCAT) and serial plasma samples were collected over 7 days.
Results: HDL-C increased from <5 mg/dL to 17 mg/dL at 8 hours and remained measurable for 7 days. CE increased rapidly, doubling in concentration within 2 hours, and sustained a higher concentration than HDL over 7 days. An increase in LDL-C was delayed about 6 hours suggesting CETP transfer of CE from HDL to LDL. Small sized particles were rapidly converted to HDL2 and HDL3 sized particles on FPLC. Large α-HDL appeared on agarose electrophoresis within 30 minutes. ApoAI Western blot analysis confirmed the rapid generation of apoAI staining α-HDL. α-1, 2 and 3 particles rapidly appeared by 2-D gel electrophoresis. Filipin stained 1-D gels revealed large α particles that persisted for 7 days. α-4 sized particles decreased as α-HDL formed. Sudan stained 1-D gels showed the generation of CE-rich α-HDL.
Conclusions: The infusion of rhLCAT (ACP-501) in a lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase deficient subject with no HDL rapidly generated CE and α-HDL with evidence of sustained activity over 7 days. CE appeared in LDL suggesting the transfer of CE from HDL to LDL by CETP. The lipid and lipoprotein changes are consistent with normal HDL maturation.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.