Abstract 18585: Differential Outcomes in Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy via Surgically Implanted Epicardial LV Leads in Patients With Ischemic and Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Introduction: Surgically implanted epicardial left ventricular (eLV) lead has been used as an alternative approach when implantation of transvenous LV (tLV) lead in patients requiring cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has failed. Recent literatures noted similarities in clinical response between tLV and eLV-CRT patients. However, comparison between CRT patients with ischemic (ICM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is currently lacking in eLV-CRT patients.
Hypothesis: We hypothesize that DCM patients respond better to eLV-CRT than ICM patients.
Methods: Of 1038 patients who underwent tLV-CRT implantation at UCSD and Mayo Clinics between 2002 and 2013, 44 (Age 63±15, 28M) had failed tLV lead placement and received eLV-CRT. Electronic Medical Records of these patients were reviewed. NYHA class and echocardiograph were assessed before and after successful CRT implantation.
Results: Following eLV-CRT implantation, improvements were noted in LVEF (26% vs. 31%, p < 0.01), NYHA class (2.9 vs. 2.3, p < 0.01) and LVESD (57mm vs. 52mm, p = 0.03) in the study cohort. In patients with DCM (n=19), the NYHA class (3.0 vs. 2.3, p = 0.01), LVEF (24% vs. 30%, p = 0.02) and LVESD (57mm vs. 52mm, p = 0.04) had significantly improved following CRT implantation compared to baseline (figures). No statistically significant changes in NYHA class, LVEF and LVESD were observed in patients with ICM (all p > 0.05).
Conclusion: In this two-center study, eLV-CRT patients with DCM benefited significantly after CRT, as compared to ICM patients. Although larger scaled studies are needed, eLV-CRT may be considered a viable alternative to tLV-CRT, especially in patients with DCM.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.