Abstract 18125: Left Ventricular Radial Strain Improvement After Surgery for Ebstein’s Anomaly
Background: Impact of right ventricular (RV) overload on left ventricular (LV) performance has been demonstrated in Ebstein’s anomaly (EA). We have shown that LV radial strain (RS) in 83 EA patients was significantly less than in controls. We subsequently sought to evaluate LV strain after EA surgery.
Methods: Systolic strain, strain rate (SR) and early diastolic strain rate (SRe) were retrospectively performed, using velocity vector imaging, in 24 repaired EA patients (age 35 ±12 years; 67% women) with LV ejection fraction >50%, preoperatively (median 5 days [1-145 days]) and postoperatively within 5 years at sequential follow-up (6 months-3 years). Repair of EA included tricuspid valve repair, valve replacement and bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis. A slope of change postoperatively was estimated for each subject using linear regression. A one-sample t-test of the mean slope=0 assessed average change per year.
Results: Mean (standard deviation) and median (range) of preoperative LV RS was 36.5 +/- 11.4% and 36.3% (16.8-59.8) respectively. LV strain analyses are summarized in tables 1 and 2.
Conclusions: LV RS improved significantly after EA surgery whereas circumferential strain (CS), SR and radial SR did not. This may reflect the change in RV and subsequently LV geometry after resolution of tricuspid regurgitation with EA surgery. Ongoing evaluation with deformational imaging may help to characterize if these changes are compensatory or maladaptive and may determine optimal timing for surgery. In the subgroup with the lowest RS, significant improvement postoperatively was not seen. This may suggest that surgery was performed too late to allow favorable remodeling.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.