Abstract 18101: Three-Dimensional Echocardiography Identify Mechanisms of Early Post Operative Valve Failure in Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease
Background: Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) is an accurate and informative imaging modality routinely used in pre-operative assessment for surgical planning. There is however little information on 3DE role in early post-operative valve failure assessment. This is a report on our 5 years experience of 3DE in early post-operative mitral/left atrioventricular valve (MV/LAVV) failure assessment, its impact on our understanding of its mechanism and the clinical decision for returning to the operating theatre for re-repair.
Methods and results: We retrospectively reviewed all patients chart and echo with MV/LAVV surgery between 2008 and 2012, excluding primary repair of atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD) and primary valve replacement. Early valve failure (EVF) is defined as moderate or greater MV/LAVV regurgitation within 30 days post repair. There were 132 MV/LAVV surgeries consisting of repaired complete AVSD (n=85), congenital MV abnormality (n= 17) and primum AVSD (n= 16). Pre operative moderate or greater regurgitation was present in 55 (42%) and post op EVF in 33 patients (25%). 3DE were performed in 22 (67%) of 33 EVF with 8 patients returning to the operating room for re-repair due to poor clinical progress in intensive care unit. Six of 8 re-repair were infants. 3DE accurately identified the mechanism of regurgitation such as suture dehiscence at base of cleft, leaflet tears and patch failure (see Figure). Four of 8 patients MV/LAVV regurgitation improved to mild or less regurgitation at follow-up (median 2 months), 3 remained unchanged and 1 subsequently died from intractable heart failure despite MV/LAVV regurgitation improving from severe to moderate.
Conclusion: Although patient returning for re-repair of EVF were mainly driven by poor clinical progress in intensive care. 3DE accurately identified the mechanism of early post-operative valve failure thus facilitating surgical planning and decision for re-repair.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.