Abstract 18059: Utility of Infarct Edge Homogenization in Controlling Ventricular Tachycardia in Patients With Underlying Ischemic Heart Disease
Introduction: Point source ablation may be effective in eliminating stable ventricular tachycardia (VT), where actual mapping and ablation are possible. Ablating patients with unstable VT is more complicated and may require aggressive intervention. While small linear lesions have been utilized, the actual utility of longer linear homogenization for eliminating ventricular arrhythmias has not been examined.
Methods: Therefore, the results of 86 patients undergoing VT ablation at Mayo Clinic were examined. 42 had underlying ischemic heart disease with an EF of 33.5 ± 16.8 had VT with a cycle length of 326 ± 165 ms, and had 2.5± 1.6 episodes of VT in the preceding three months. 32 required shocks for that tachycardia.
Results: Of these, 21 patients (16 male, 5 female Age 67±18) underwent detailed linear ablation at the scar margin in an effort to homogenize that region. This was drawn into the infarct scar by decreasing the upper voltage boundary to 2.0. In these patients, 18 showed elimination of clinical VT. In addition, 12 showed a decrease in VT from 10 ± 8.7 episodes down to 2.5 ± 1.2 episodes of actual ventricular arrhythmias. The shock requirement decreased from 8.6 ±4.7 to 1.5 ±2.7. These patients had 7 ± 3.5 different VTs at the time of ablation. These data suggest not only a decrease the occurrence of VT, but an improved control of the arrhythmia as manifested by decreased frequency of episodes and a decrease in shock. This suggests a straightforward alternative to point source ablation or to the requirement of detailed LAVA intervention.
Conclusion: Linear infarct edge homogenization is a straightforward means of ablating ventricular tachycardia’s, even when unstable. This approach may be simpler than seen with LAVA interventions.
- © 2013 by American Heart Association, Inc.